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2014中考英语重点词组和句型及语法提纲总复习

来源:郑州中考网    作者:郑州中考网编辑    2014-06-06 17:05:54

标签:中招 英语说两句

  • 2014中考英语重点词组和句型及语法提纲总复习

    一、词组或短语

    序号ChineseEnglish

    1去观鸟go birdwatching

    2在市场at the market

    3在入口处at the entrance

    4一个自然保护区a nature reserve

    5在中国东北in north-east China = in the north-east of China

    6世界上最重要的湿地之一one of the world’s most important wetlands = one of the most important wetlands in the world

    7一年到头;终年all (the) year round = the whole year

    8提供某物给某人provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth.

    9一个生活区a living area

    10为某人/某物让出空间make space/room for sb./sth.

    11去那儿作短暂的逗留go there for a short stay

    = stay there for a short time

    12数鸟do a bird count=count birds

    13一年一次once a year

    14研究不同种类的鸟study the different kinds of birds

    15它们在数量上的变化the changes in their numbers

    16湿地的重要性the importance of wetlands

    17濒临灭绝的(处于危险状态的)in a dangerous state = endangered

    18一个受到保护的地区/地方a protected area

    19走很长的路walk a long way

    20采取措施做某事take action to do sth.

    21让某人做某事(使役动词用法)make sb. do sth.

    22返回come/go back = return

    回到学校come/go back to school = return to school

    23许多(后接复数名词)a (large) number of = many

    ……的数目(单数)the number of……

    24一个申请表an application form

    25以……方式向某人打招呼greet sb. with……

    26把某物忘/留在某地leave sth. sw.

    把垃圾留在那儿leave litter there

    27乱扔垃圾drop litter carelessly

    28有……..的面积have an area of …….

    29阻止某人做某事prevent/stop sb. (from) doing sth.

    =keep sb. from doing sth.

    30记笔记take notes

    31加入观鸟俱乐部的申请application to join the Birdwatching Club

    32成为…的一个成员/加入become/be a member of = join

    33对做某事感兴趣be interested in doing sth.

    34迫不及待地做某事can’t wait to do sth. = can’t wait for sth.

    35来参加俱乐部活动come to club activities

    36尖尖的翅膀pointed wings

    37在观看(鸟)期间during the watch

    38例如for example = e.g.

    39有空be free

    40兴趣和爱好interests and hobbies

    41防止洪水(防洪)prevent flood

    二、重点句子及句型:

    1. I am going birdwatching at the market.

    2. Which bird do you like best?

    3. The area is a great place for wildlife because it provides food and shelter for them..

    4. It is one of the world's most important wetlands.

    5. More and more birds are in danger because they do not have enough space.

    6. Some people want to change the wetlands to make space for farms and buildings.

    7.This means there will be less and less space for the wildlife.

    8. He told us not to make any noise and not to run.

    9. Swallow flies to northern countries in summer.

    10. Many birds live in Zhalong Nature Reserve all year round and some go there for a short stay.

    11. Zhalong is one of the nature reserves for these endangered birds.

    12. This year members of our Birdwatching Club are studying the different kinds of birds in Zhanlong and the changes in their numbers.

    13.We do a bird count once a year.

    14.We hope this information will help them understand and make them take action to protect wildlife.

    15. Studying Zhalong helps us learn about protecting wildlife.

    16. She speaks fluent French. = She speaks French fluently.

    17.We talked loudly until Mr Wu told us to be quiet.

    18.It has an area of more than 210,000 hectares. = It is over 210,000 hectares in area.

    19.Zhalong is the home of a lot of plants and animals, including different kinds of birds.

    20.Providing food and shelter for endangered birds is not the only reason for us to protect wetlands.

    21.I think it is important for me to do something to protect birds.

    22. You can call me on 010-5558 6390 or e-mail me at amy@sunshinetown.com.cn.

    23. They simply can’t wait for the party next week.

    三、语法:

    1.识别五种基本句型结构。

    2.掌握副词的构成方法及在句子中的短语。

    一、词组或短语

    序号ChineseEnglish

    1自然灾害natural disasters

    2全身湿透be/get all wet

    3将…拖干净(代词放中间)mop…up

    4将…冲走(代词放中间)wash…away

    5输掉比赛lose the game

    6好几千人(成千上万的人)thousands of people

    7猛烈地撞到…上crash into…

    8引起一场大的火灾start/cause a big fire

    9惊恐地(处于恐惧之中)in fear

    10地下的炸弹bombs below/under the ground

    11从….上掉下来/摔下来fall off = fall (down) from =drop from

    倒下、掉下fall down

    跌倒、绊倒fall over

    倒下come down = fall

    12朝四面八方跑去run in all directions=run in every direction

    13跑出…../跑进….run out of … / run into…

    14尽某人最大努力做某事try one’s best to do sth.

    15镇定下来、平静下来calm down

    16最后finally = at last = in the end

    17结束be over = end

    18被困住be trapped

    19自言自语say to oneself

    20片刻的恐惧a moment of fear

    21(大声)求救shout/call/scream for help

    22到处everywhere = here and there

    23没有任何吃的东西have nothing to eat

    24兴奋的叫声excited shouts

    25急匆匆地去干某事be in a (great) hurry to do sth.

    26降一点点drop a little

    降到零下5度drop to -5℃

    27大约7度(be) around 7℃

    28变得更坏become/get worse

    29找借口make excuses / make an excuse

    30叫某人(不要)做某事tell/ask sb. (not) to do sth.

    建议某人(不要)做某事advise sb. (not) to do sth.

    警告某人(不要)做某事warn sb. (not) to do sth.

    命令某人(不要)做某事order sb. (not) to do sth.

    31把….搬走(代词放中间)move …away

    32精神紧张be nervous

    33经历地震后而存活下来survive the earthquake

    34听起来像…sound like….

    35天气预报weather forecast

    36锁门lock the door

    37跑下楼run down the stairs

    38将(电器)打开/关闭turn …on/off

    将(电器音量)调高/调低turn …up/down

    39走出教室walk out of the classroom

    40一个接一个one by one = one after another

    41一个事故报告an accident report

    42打电话给110热线call the 110 hotline

    43到达时间the time of arrival

    44(严重)受伤(系表结构)be (badly/seriously) hurt

    45着火catch fire = be on fire

    46警方(集体名词)the police

    47在风中in the wind

    48朝….外看/朝….里看look out of…. / look into…

    49继续做(同一件)事continue to do sth. = continue doing sth.

    =go on doing sth. = go on with sth.

    50用….将….盖起来cover…with…..

    ….被…..覆盖起来…..be covered with …

    二、重点句子及句型:

    1.My house is all wet.

    2.Who’s going to mop it up if you don’t come with me?

    3.A young boy fell from a tree and hurt his legs.

    4.A coach crashed into a tree last night.

    5.At first, I felt a slight shaking through my body.

    6.People looked at each other in fear.

    7.People ran in all directions. They didn’t know where to go.

    8.Some people ran out of the shopping centre. I tried my best to run out to the street, too.

    9.People ran wildly as pieces of glass and bricks fell down. Then the walls began to come down too.

    10.I did not even know where I was(宾从).

    11. “I’m trapped,” I said to myself.

    12.A moment of fear went through my mind but I told myself to calm down since I was still alive.

    13.People were in a great hurry to move away the bricks and stones.

    14.He survived the earthquake in 1999.

    15.It sounded like bombs under the ground.

    16.It rained heavily last night.= There was a heavy rain last night.

    It will be snowy tomorrow. = It will snow tomorrow.= There will be snow tomorrow.

    17.It took me longer to get to school.

    18.Everybody had to hurry since there would be no buses in two hours.

    19.Mr Wu told us to go home. / Mr Wu asked Simon to close the windows.

    Simon advised Daniel to wear a raincoat./ Mr Wu warned us not to run.

    He told us to walk out of the classroom one by one. / Mr Wu ordered Simon to close the windows.

    20.The snow covers the whole place. = The whole place is covered with the snow.

    21.A man named Su Ning called the 110 hotline at 7:40p.m. using his mobile phone.

    22.Mr Su felt cold and frightened but he was not hurt.

    23.I know that bad weather can be dangerous.

    Bad weather sometimes causes natural disasters.

    24.There was a heavy storm with thunder and lightning.

    25.Her school caught fire because lightning hit it.

    26.Snow continued to fall around us.

    27.We lost our umbrella in the wind and I nearly fell over.

    28.We could do nothing but walk slowly in the storm.

    29.I looked out of the window and saw that people were in a hurry to remove the snow.

    三、语法:

    1.because, as , since 引导原因状语从句。

    2.用动词不定式来报告某人的命令、请求和建议。warn/tell/ask/order/advise sb. (not) to do sth.

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